How to Paint Fiberglass

Why Paint Fiberglass?

Fiberglass (Fiber Reinforced Plastic) is often susceptible to water incursion and/or sun damage, depending on the resin used. Epoxy weakens, with time, in sunlight. Polyesters are subject to water infiltration and vinylesters, though stronger than polyesters, are not as strong as epoxy. So prevent the pain with one of the highest quality, most durable car paint protection films in the industry.

Water incursion will cause blistering or bubbling, though this typically takes years to develop. However, once blistering appears it’s only a matter of time before the composite (fiberglass and resin) delaminates, and you have major problems on your hands. This is an especially important concern in boating.

Sunlight, usually with epoxy resins, will cause the composite to crumble. As you might imagine, this is pretty bad.
Industrial Coatings

Paints are used to add an additional barrier against both water and ultraviolet light (sunlight). In the “finish business,” these are called industrial coatings. A good industrial coating provides a protective layer against these incursions, and they look good too. For this document, I will simply stick with the “paint” designation, but if you hear “industrial coating,” now you’ll know what is being referred to.

In this paper, I will recommend two types of paint (not brands) and cover the pros and cons of using each type. No single coating provides perfect protection. Along with this information, I’ll also recommend two painting techniques. Any paint type covered here can be applied with either technique. So the paint type and method of application are completely independent of one another.

Two Types of Coatings Suitable for Fiberglass: Polyester- Versus Epoxy-Based

FRP stands for Fiber-Reinforced Plastic. There are two major categories of paint useful on FRP. They are both polymer (or plastics) based. One uses exposure to air to cure and the other a catalyst, temperature, and air. To be clear, air-cured paints are typically polyesters. They only require the “one-part” that comes in a single container. Catalyst-cured paints are referred to as epoxies; they come in two parts that are either equal in volume or slightly disproportionate quantities. Epoxies require a catalyst and, like “poly,” the right temperature range.

Because these paint types are basically plastics in a volatile liquid, they adhere well to the three resins used in creating fiber-reinforced plastic objects.

Any resin-based paint is suitable for application on FRP, but I recommend using epoxy-based paints with epoxy-based FRP resins and polyester-based paints on polyester-based FRP. I make this recommendation because like materials bond better. To put this another way, an epoxy paint bonds best on an epoxy-fiber reinforced plastic. Alternatively, polyester paints adhere best to polyester-based plastics. Similar plastics bond better to each other.

I will make an exception to this recommendation. Should you be painting a boat or other FRP object that is going to be subjected to temperature extremes and/or water immersion, I highly recommend epoxy-based paints regardless of the resin used in the FRP. Epoxy is simply a much more robust paint, particularly when that coating is subjected to salt or fresh water and near constant bumps and dings.

Epoxy, as long as it is protected from sunlight, is both strong and flexible. The pigments in epoxy-based paint will provide the ultraviolet barrier needed to protect the fiberglass beneath. However, if you store an epoxy-painted object outdoors, I recommend covering it with a tarp or fabric to give it some additional protection from the UV rays in sunlight.

What Is in the Paint

Paint typically consists of a vehicle (liquid), a binder, and pigment. In paints used for durable plastic coatings, these are volatile organic compounds (liquid carrier), polymers (binder), and pigment (color).

I do not recommend powder-coat due to the high temperatures required to bond this coating. Since powder-coats require temperatures of 300-350°F, fiber-reinforced plastics will almost certainly melt at those temperatures or, worse, catch fire.

Volatile Organic Compounds

A component of most of these paints is Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs).

VOCs are liquids designed to evaporate at a set rate, usually quickly. The idea is for the liquid to remain fluid long enough for the paint to self-level, yet evaporate quickly enough to create a durable coating in a short amount of time. These compounds are not good to breathe, and appropriate protective equipment should be used while applying them.

Both one-part polyurethane and two-part epoxy paints use VOCs.

Binders

Another component in polymer paints is the binder.

Binders are the chemical compounds that cause the pigment particles to bind to each other. The binder is typically a plastic including resins such as acrylics, polyurethanes, polyesters, melamine resins, epoxy, or oil. Note that only the bold-faced materials mentioned work well on fiberglass.

Pigments

Pigments comprise the smallest percentage of paint. Though most modern pigments are chemically derived, manufacturers tend to keep the actual sources and formulations a trade secret. That means that knowing exactly what is in your paint may be impossible to determine. For that reason, you should always consult the paint dealer if you have any questions about what surfaces to use the paint on.
Environmental Considerations

Preparations for painting are almost everything; these include taking into account the temperature, humidity level, placement relative to direct sunlight, and even wind conditions.

Humidity

Relative humidity should be below sixty (60%) percent and temperature should be between 65° and 90° degrees Fahrenheit or 19° to 35° Celsius. Note that the lower the temperature (within the range), the longer the drying or curing time.

Temperature

If the ambient temperature is too low, the paint won’t harden or cure. If the temperature is too high, the paint will set almost instantly, leaving the layer just below in a liquid state. The result is a very poor paint job.
Sanding and Cleaning

Surface prep is very important. In fact, prep should comprise about 80% to 90% of the job. Paint will not stick to dirty, oily, or greasy surfaces.

Paint will not adhere well to glossy surfaces either, so sanding is a vital step.
Methods of Applying Paint

There are two main methods of applying paint to various surfaces: spray painting and brush painting. These methods are geared toward the home hobbyist or the adventurous hobbyist—the best one for you depends on the equipment available to you and/or your experience.

Spray Painting

The paint is applied with a compressed-air/or pumped-pressure spray gun. This requires a compressor and a good-quality spray gun, as well as paint filters, paint stirrers, eye and hand protection, masks (you don’t want to breathe the stuff), solvents, containers, and plenty of clean rags.

Roll and Tip Method

The paint is applied with a roller and then followed up almost immediately with the tip of a fine bristle or foam brush. Tools requirements are a solvent resistant roller, solvent resistant roller covers, brushes, containers, paint filters, eye and hand protection, stirrers, solvents, and plenty of rags.

Expand Your Knowledge Base Concerning Auto Repair

Have you thought about what you can do to deal better with car issues more effectively? Have you considered doing auto repairs and maintenance yourself? Maybe you just want information on how to choose an qualified auto technician to get the job done right. Read on to find out more regarding these choices. Window cleaner mostly refers to the exterior surface that collects bird poops, dead bugs, and dirt from the environment.

Ask a mechanic any questions you have at the shop. Preventing vehicle issues is a valuable skill to save money annually.

If you aren’t sure about anything, don’t hesitate to clear this up with the mechanic before allowing him or her to make repairs to your vehicle. You want to avoid being surprised with additional charges once the car.

You must wash your car often to avoid rust.All cars eventually get rusted, but you may delay it considerably by ensuring all chemicals and salts are washed off quickly. Use a decent wax to protect your paint jobs as much as possible.

Look for warning signs that repair company. If you are being talked to in circles and your questions aren’t answered, they may not be the one you want to work with. You need to be able to trust the person doing your repairs, so don’t fear seeing someone else.

Replacing a burnt-out headlight or taillight is much cheaper when you both time and money. While it’s easier in some vehicles than others, it is much cheaper to do it yourself. Ask whether someone you know can instruct you on how to do it.

Do not neglect your windshield wiper blades. You may need new windshield wipers if the ones you have are streaking or making noises and leaving streaks on the glass.

Try looking for someone who works from their own garage. If they possess sufficient experience, and they will usually charge you less for labor.You can support small business and save a lot of the repair.

Check the tire pressure in your tires when you fill your gas tank. Look at them and make sure that they don’t have anything embedded in them. You do not risk driving around with faulty tires.

There are several different kinds of parts. New means that the parts are made to meet the standard manufacturer specifications by an independent retailer or the dealer themselves. Refurbished or rebuilt parts ate those that these parts have been restored to working condition. “Salvage” means that the parts are used and hasn’t been fixed.

Be certain your technician you choose is certified. You want to see if they know how to work on vehicles properly. You will get better service if you go to a mechanic who has been approved by this certification.

Don’t let a mechanic talk you that getting an engine flushed is normal maintenance. This is a costly service is very expensive and it isn’t necessary unless you have neglected engine care for some time.

AAA is an excellent ally to have on your side when you’ve got auto repair. You are going to find discounts on an annual AAA membership if you shop around.

Keep an accordion file with all your important repair receipts in your vehicle. You can categorize them chronologically or by service repair type. This is particularly valuable when you get your car.

Having written proof can help you need to complain down the mechanic.

Ask to have your mechanic to give you the old parts that had to be removed. This is an excellent way to ensure the repairs have actually been performed. This isn’t particularly necessary for exhaust system changed.It is easy to tell whether or not a new exhaust has been replaced.

When dealing with auto repair estimates, you should have him or her write down the costs of each component. This will help you compare estimates from two mechanics. The cost of the actual parts should be close, but the labor is where you will find the deal.

Take a little time to learn about the car and model. You will only be able to sidestep the mechanic if you spend time learning about your car. You can save some money after all is said an done if you’re not paying a flat tire yourself.

Find a mechanic who is already familiar with your cars similar to yours. Ask them about their experience; find out if they have previously worked on your particular make and model.

Don’t buy into the theory that you need a tuneup at 10000 miles.This is a fallacy and model of your car. You would better off if you followed the maintenance instructions in the manual that came with your car.

Once you figure out what is wrong with your car, go online and search for spare parts and comparison shop. There are several websites you can visit to get an estimate of different repairs for your vehicle. Compare this estimate with quotes you receive from auto repair shops give you.

Rotating tires regularly can really help you keep them longer. You should have them rotated around every 6000 miles, but this can vary depending on the make or model of the vehicle you drive. Get high-quality tires to avoid too much wear and tear too quickly.

You need not feel helpless when it comes to auto repair. You really need to take your time and think over what you have learned here so when it comes time to do it, you can act. Now, you can see that there are some things you can even take care of yourself.

Information to Consider When Buying a Pool Cover

For most of the country, other than the lucky ones in Melbourne, Australia, use of the swimming pool is seasonal so why not get in touch with pool removal Sydney. Every fall triggers the end of the pool season, which means people across the country must begin the task of closing down their pools.

Winterizing the pool, as some refer to it, includes preparing the water and pool equipment for the winter as well as covering the pool. Ensuring debris stays out of the pool during the off-season will reduce cleaning time during the task of opening the pool for the next season. Selecting a pool cover to protect the pool from the harsh winter is an important part of closing down the pool.

There are two main types of winter pool covers: 1) A solid vinyl cover and 2) A mesh cover. Solid vinyl covers come in varying qualities with different thickness and warranty coverages available. Mesh covers typically come in one standard quality.

Solid vinyl covers tend to be heavy, depending on the thickness and size, and usually require two persons to install and remove. However, they work well to keep out debris, sunlight, and water. Keeping out sunlight is critical in that it prevents the growth of algae in the pool. Keeping out water is good in that it keeps out dirty water that has mixed with the debris on top of the cover. These covers do create water pooling on top of the cover which will require draining. An equalizer air pillow and submersible pump are the usual accessories to go along with a solid vinyl cover. The pillow will make it easier to remove pooling water and debris. When your pool water freezes, it will also compress to relieve the pressure on your pool walls from the ice expansion as well as prevent the vinyl pool cover from freezing by lifting it off of the water. A submersible pump is typically used to remove pooling water off of the pool cover.

Pricing of solid vinyl covers tends to go hand in hand with durability and longevity. A wide range of solid vinyl pool cover options are available varying by price, thickness, and warranty for any given size. The standard thickness options are 8 mm, 12 mm, and 16 mm. Warranty coverage on these pool covers vary based on thickness with the minimum typically a 8 year limited/1 year full warranty and a maximum of 20 year limited/3 year full.

Mesh covers are lightweight, which allows them to be installed and removed typically by a single person. Additionally, they allow water to slowly flow through them thus preventing water pooling on top of the cover. This is one of the main benefits of a mesh cover because it eliminates the need for a submersible pump to remove the pooling water. An equalizer pillow is a recommended accessory for mesh pool covers in places where the water will freeze. A downside to a mesh cover is that when it allows water to pass through to the pool, it allows dirty water to pass through to the pool that has been mixing with the debris on top of the cover. This may result in the pool water needing serious attention and cleaning when it is time to open the pool.

Shop a wide variety of winter pool covers, both solid and mesh, at http://www.allpoolfilters4less.com. Many different sizes for both above ground and inground pools in stock and available for immediate shipping.

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An Introduction to Electrical Training Courses

Electricity is without doubt one of the most important features of today’s life that is the reason why electrician Brisbane 24 hours is in demand. Hence, reliable electrical staff tend to be vital to all of us. Effectively the work comprises fitting, maintaining along with testing electrical systems, equipment and devices under rigorous safety legislation. During ’09, about six hundred thousand individuals were engaged in one segment or another in the United Kingdom’s power industry. If it’s the perfect time that you should make some occupational corrections, training to become an electrician may very well be a good idea.

No matter what your own starting place, you’ll contend with a variety of key procedures whoever you learn with. A great rounded path for starters could well be some sort of EAL Domestic Contractors Study course, at Level two. Training may include installation, basic safety techniques, cabling and re-wiring throughout homes, as well as testing circuits. Your instruction might provide help to qualify for Part P – these days a legal necessity for a lot of domestic electrician employees. Electrician installers must also complete the C&G Certificate ’17th Edition’ IEE Cabling Regs, thus you may be expecting preparation for the purpose of that. Labouring in the direction of a majority of these industry-recognized accreditations would certainly ready you not only to work upon projects in kitchens and bathrooms, with lighting circuits plus wall sockets etc., but additionally to self-certify them in the process.

People regularly question whether or not they might possibly be successful with this position. To be a domestic electrician you will want to be confident to make use of many different tools effectively. It is necessary to be skilled to conform to health and safety guidelines and procedures, as a result you need to have the ability to carry out responsibilities with perfect accuracy. It is not unusual for electrician employees to spend a great deal of their work-time alone, this means you ought to be happy in your own company. Some electro-mechanical employment necessitates a measure of energy, as a result you’ll find it good to be physically in good shape. And in the end, virtually anyone aiming to launch their own enterprise must remain focused and also determined.

You will find that a typical domestic electro-mechanical instruction program can take between 300 hrs and 400-500 hours, and should be a mixture of home-work together with workshop examinations. One could be successfully earning a living on customers’ properties two or three short months from today – building a stable future.

Tons of career-changers consider electrical jobs, so they might set themselves up for a small business. Almost all newly trained mature electrical employees opt to either perform the job for themselves, or simply on some contract structure. Moreover, at this time there looks to be an uninterrupted substantial demand for electrical trades-people throughout private homes, consequently it might work especially nicely. Sometimes, individuals with various other trade competence require electrical experience, in order to grant their small business additional credibility. Yet other people learn in order to save some cash by not paying trades-people to undertake their electro-mechanical labour.

From the commercial perspective, currently employed electrical engineers in most cases do a 37 hour week, along with possible overtime during the weekends. Commonplace wages during 09 ended up roughly 26K, as per SalaryTrack ’09. Nevertheless, electricians that are self-employed will expect more inconsistent days, however they also can receive significantly more. They will have to take their own overheads in to consideration in addition nonetheless.

Should customers identify a great domestic electrical engineer they’re happy with, they may speak with various other men or women about them and cause a good deal of zero cost promotion. You would be taught all of your specialized know-how on any meaningful training course, but also don’t forget to maintain helpful personal skills as well.

In England, search mainly for C&G (City & Guilds) coupled with EAL training courses. And of course, teens going through C&G exams in technical training colleges can look for working assignments in order to complete their much more practical NVQ’s. Though, as expected it requires a number of years. More experienced candidates generally decide on shorter retraining programmes that they may well work through at their convenience. Many people never require time consuming NVQ education, because they’re seeking jobs within private homes. Different re-training paths are generally provided through professional companies which may quickly bring about marketplace-accepted certificates. This cuts down the complete accreditation set, but it meets the trade specifications for the particular areas called for, and for that reason provides a shorter plus much more direct path to the field.

(C) 2009 – J. Kendall. Visit Click HERE [http://www.electricaltrainingcoursesgb.co.uk] or Electrical Training [http://www.electricaltraininginfo.co.uk].

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Electrical Mains Board Replacement

Does your electrical fuse board need upgrading? Out of date mains boards cannot keep up with the increased power demand that modern homes require. Today’s modern homes require more electricity due to the increasing list of electrical appliances, modern television sets, games consoles, surround sound, hair & beauty appliances etc. Home offices also add to the increase demand with computers, printers, faxes, all on cable modems. Today’s modern kitchens also use more appliances than ever before, such as huge American style fridge freezers, dishwashers, blenders, bread makers, toasters, electric ovens and extractor fans. All these modern appliances help to make life much easier, however they also increase the power demand placed on your mains board. Electrician Brisbane Southside offer professional domestic and commercial Electrical Services.

The older the property the less efficient the fuse board will be to deal with the increased demand from all these new extra appliances. The older fuse boards that were installed when the property was first built would have been sufficient enough to power to the maximum demand of the day, However as already covered the power demand has increased and the older boards did not have the MCB (miniature circuit breakers) these help to ensure that each part of the homes electrical installation was safely separated, for example all of the upstairs sockets would now go on to there own ring main connected to its own MCB on the mains board, Older mains boards only had four rewire able fuses, this meant that the different ring mains had to share. An electrical fuse board up grade or a full house rewire can bring your property’s electrical requirements up to date with current demands, helping to ensure it keeps running efficiently.

Can you answer yes to any of the following questions?

These are indications of problems with your fuse board or wiring:-

If when you are trying to run multiple appliances at the same time the electric keeps tripping out.
Do you have problems with the brightness of your lights?. i.e do the keep flickering?
Do you experience problems with the electrical feed to your appliances? i.e. power surges?

These can all be an indication that there is an overload of electricity to the fuse board, the electrical installations are out of date, and are in need of an upgrade.

Upgrading your electrical fuse board is quite straight forward to an experienced electrician. An upgrade to a modern fuse board will increase the capacity of the electric supply around your home and stop any problems that you had been experiencing with the old fuse board.

In some cases an upgrade of the fuse board will not fix the problem and a full rewire will be required. This involves replacing all the wiring and sockets, light fittings etc around the home. As mentioned before this should only be carried out by an experienced electrician or electrical contractor and should not attempted by a DIY enthusiast, if you are looking to reduce the cost of the house rewire then try to find a electrician who will allow or advise you on preparing your house for a rewire, ie chasing out the walls where the new cables will be laid, and removing all rubble and debris. This means electrician simply has to come in and run all the cables down the wall and wire up all the sockets.

Having a straight forward house rewire and fuse board upgrade will bring your mains board up to the current power needs of your home. If you are considering installing any additional high powered appliances or gadgets to your home an electrician will be able to advise you on any extra sockets that may be needed, rather than using too many multi point adapter plugs.

The safety of your home will also be greatly increased as multi point adapter plugs are one of the biggest causes of electrical fires. An up to date fuse board and wiring also ensure that the electricity running around your home is running safely and efficiently

As with all things the best way to find a good electrician is first to ask your friends, relatives or colleges if they can recommend one maybe they had work done by them in their home that was carried out to a high standard and were happy with the services and had no problems afterwards.

There are a lot of tradesmen online and listed in the directories on the net ie yellow pages, and the new eBay style find a tradesman sites.

A good electrician will always come out and have a look at the existing wiring and advise you of the work that needs to be done and give you a no obligation quotation. It is a good idea to get at least three quotations from different electricians.

Don’t let an out of date and old fuse board reduce the performance of your electrical appliances. Contact your local electrician today.

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How To Open Your Swimming Pool This Spring

Soon spring will be here and so will the annual chore of opening your swimming pool. Planning ahead can make the job much easier. There’s nothing worse than realizing your short one bag of shock when you’re in the middle of prepping the pool. So let’s first make a list of chemicals that you might need. Swimming pool removal Sydney includes removing related materials such as walkways, patios, electrical conduit, and fencing.

There will be different needs depending on the type of pool you own, so this list is general. Refer to your pool and pump instructions for additional information.

Liquid or powdered Shock
Chlorine powder or tablets
Bromine
pH increase or pH decrease
Sanitizing cartridge for cartridge filters
A test kit or bottle of test strips to test pH and chlorine levels

Before you run off to your local pool supply store for chemicals, now would be the time to check all of your hoses, clamps, skimmer baskets, gaskets and o-rings. If any of the parts look like they need replacing, take them with you to the pool supply store. It’s a lot easier to match replacement parts if you have the old part with you.

Now that you have the easy part finished, it’s time to get to work. The first thing required is to get the cover off. Enlist some help for this, as you want to avoid getting any top water into the pool water. If you have an above ground pool, siphon the water off with a hose. If you have an in-ground pool you will need to use a sump pump to remove the top water.

To get a good siphon started, hook up the hose to the spigot and put the other end of the hose into the top water. Turn the hose on for a minute or so to fill it. Next crimp the hose a foot or two away from the faucet, and with your other hand, disconnect the hose from the spigot. Position the hose at a downspout drain to discharge then let go of the crimp. The water will reverse and start to drain.

Once you have the water cleared, use a leaf rake to remove as many leaves and twigs as possible. Next, remove your cover weights or springs. At this time a few people positioned around the pool will help to keep the cover out of the water. Try to fold your cover like a blanket keeping the crud in the middle then remove the cover. You need to scrub the cover thoroughly and properly dry for summer storage.

Now it’s time to attach all the pump hoses. Remember to lube plugs, fittings, valves and o-rings with petroleum jelly. Also be sure to remove any freeze plugs that were used to cover the hose openings. You will most likely need to add water to the pool. It should be filled to the skimmer half way point.

At this point you should start re-circulating the water and check for any leaks around the pump and hoses. Once your pool is leak and drip free, skim off as much floating debris as you can with your skimmer net. Open all your valves to flood the hoses and prime the pool pump. Most manufacturers recommend constantly recirculating the pool water for at least three days. Any crud and debris on the sides and bottom of the pool will need to be scrubbed off. Use the broom attachment of your pool vacuum for this.

After all debris has been removed and the pool has been scrubbed, check your filter for cleaning. Some pumps have removable filters; others are back-flushed, so clean as directed. Once the filter is cleaned, you can now super shock the water as per your manufacturer’s instructions. If you start with green water, you will need a lot more shock. It may take a few days of recirculation to clear the water. Once the water has cleared, test your water or take a sample to your pool supply store and have it analyzed. Adjust the water as required and keep recirculating. All that is left to do now is to wait for the water to warm up so you can start enjoying your pool.

Gregory Fort is a partner with the company Pool-Pockets, manufacturers of Pool-Pockets – Your pool toy storage solution. http://www.pool-pockets.com

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